History of Broomfield Colorado
History of Broomfield Colorado by Ambassador Painting
Broomfield is a city and a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. Broomfield has a consolidated city-county government that operates under Article XX, Sections 10-13 of the Constitution of the State of Colorado. The city is a part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its population was 55,889 at the 2010 United States Census., making it the 16th most populous municipality and the 13th most populous county in Colorado.
Several railroads figure in the development of this area. The Colorado Central Railroad built a narrow gauge line from Golden in 1873, the Denver, Utah and Pacific Railroad arrived in 1881, and the Denver, Marshall and Boulder Railway built a line through what would become Broomfield in 1886. The Denver, Utah, and Pacific was widened to standard gauge in 1889. One of the early names for the area was Zang’s Spur, after the railroad spur serving Adolph Zang’s grain fields.
The municipality of Broomfield was incorporated in 1961 in the southeastern corner of Boulder County. While it is unsure how it received its name, most researchers guess it is from the broomcorn grown in the area, a tall sorghum that farmers sold for use as brooms and whisk brooms. Over the next three decades, the city grew through annexations, many of which crossed the county line into four adjacent counties: Adams, Boulder, Jefferson, and Weld.
In the 1990s, city leaders began to push for the creation of a separate county to avoid the inefficiencies of dealing with four separate court districts, four different county seats, and four separate county sales tax bases. It also had longstanding political differences with Boulder County which impelled it to separate. Broomfield reasoned that it could provide services more responsively under its own county government, and sought an amendment to the Colorado State Constitution to create a new county. The amendment was passed in 1998, after which a three-year transition period followed. On November 15, 2001, Broomfield County became the 64th and smallest county of Colorado. It is the most recently created county in Colorado, and also in the United States as a whole if county equivalents are not included.
Broomfield is located midway between downtown Denver and Boulder along U.S. Route 36. Its coordinates are 3955′55″N 1053′57″W (39.931817, -105.065919).
The elevation in Broomfield ranges from 5,096 to 5,856 feet. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34 square miles (88 km2), of which 33 square miles (85 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (1.7%) is water. It is the smallest county by area in Colorado and the 5th smallest in the United States. Broomfield is the second-most densely populated county in Colorado behind Denver. – Wikipedia
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